# What is the loan-to-value ratio? When taking out a loan, one important factor is the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio. The LTV ratio is a financial metric that measures the amount of the loan you are taking out compared to the value of the asset you use as collateral. In other words, it measures how much you are borrowing compared to the value of the property you are buyingwith the property serving as security for the loan.

Lenders use the LTV ratio to determine the level of risk involved in granting you a loan. Generally speaking, the higher the LTV ratio, the riskier the loan is for the lender. There is a greater chance that the property's value may fall below the loan amount, making it difficult for the lender to recoup their investment if the borrower defaults on the loan.

## How is the loan-to-value determined?

To determine the LTV ratio, the lender usually appraises the property to decide its current value. The lender will then divide the loan amount by the property's appraised value. For example, if you are taking out a loan of €200,000 to buy a house that is appraised at €250,000, the LTV ratio would be 80% (i.e., €200,000 / €250,000).

The maximum LTV ratio allowed by lenders varies depending on the type of loan and the lender's risk tolerance. For example, a conventional mortgage may have a maximum LTV ratio of 80%, while a Federal Housing Administration (FHA) loan may allow an LTV ratio of up to 96.5%. At Max Crowdfund, we never take on loans with a loan-to-value above 90%.

## How do I calculate the loan-to-value myself?

Calculating the LTV ratio yourself is relatively straightforward. Divide the loan amount by the appraised value of the property and multiply the result by 100 to get the percentage. So, if you take out a loan of €150,000 to buy a property appraised at €200,000, the LTV ratio would be 75% ((150,000 / 200,000) x 100).

## So, how important is the loan-to-value ratio for my investment?

In conclusion, the loan-to-value ratio is a significant financial metric used to determine the level of risk involved in an investment. Investors should aim to keep the LTV ratio as low as possible to minimize the risk of the investment but may need to borrow a more significant proportion of the asset's value in some cases. By understanding the LTV ratio and its importance in determining investment risk, investors can make informed decisions about their investment strategies. The same rules apply when lending money to a property developer using crowdfunding. When investing in real estate through crowdfunding, you invest in real estate by granting a loan to a property developer together with hundreds of other investors. The loan-to-value, business-, and exit strategies are already determined in this case. The same rule applies to these investments; the higher the loan-to-value ratio, the higher the risk.

However, it is essential to note that a low LTV ratio may only sometimes be feasible or desirable. In some cases, investors may need to borrow a larger proportion of the asset's value to make the investment financially viable. This is particularly true in the case of real estate investments, where property prices can be high, and investors may need more funds to purchase a property outright.

So, although the loan-to-value is an important metric to determine the quality of the loan/investment opportunity, it is advised not to make your investment based on this ratio blindly. There are always other factors to consider.

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